previous thumbnails next
Air Commodore Peter Langloh Donkin CBE DSO
Ex-Commanding Officer of 4 Squadron in WWII
peterdonkin.jpg, 32309 bytes

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesBorn: 19 Jun 1913 Invercargill, New Zealand   Retired: 20 Aug 1962   Died: 12 Jul 2000 Orange, NSW, Australia

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesDecorations:
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesCBE 29 Jun 1948, DSO 22 Feb 1944.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesPromotions:
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesPilot Officer: 15 Jul 1933
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesFlying Officer: 15 Jan 1935
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesFlight Lieutenant: 15 Jan 1937
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesSquadron Leader: 1 Apr 1939
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesActing Wing Commander: 15 Sep 1940
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesTemporary Wing Commander: 1 Jun 1941
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesActing Group Captain: 12 Oct 1942
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesWing Commander (WS): 12 Apr 1943
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesWing Commander:1 Oct 1946
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesGroup Captain: 1 Jan 1951
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesActing Air Commodore: 25 Jan 1954
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesAir Commodore: 1 Jan 1957.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesPostings:
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes03 Sep 1931: Flight Cadet, 'C' Sqn, RAF College.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes15 Jul 1933: Pilot, No 16 Sqn.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes15 Jan 1937: Flight Commander, No 16 Sqn.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes01 Sep 1939: Member, British Military Mission to Poland.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes11 Oct 1939: Officer Commanding, No 225 Sqn.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes05 Sep 1940: Officer Commanding, No 4 Sqn.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes18 Sep 1940: Officer Commanding, No 239 Sqn. 1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes08 Sep 1942: Air Staff, HQ Army Co-operation Command.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes12 Oct 1942: Officer Commanding, No 33 Wing
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes01 Apr 1943: Officer Commanding No 35 Wing
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes30 Aug 1944: Staff, School of Land/Air Warfare.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes03 Apr 1946: Air Staff, HQ RAF Levant
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes25 Aug 1948: Attended RCAF Staff College.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes11 Sep 1949: Exchange posting, USAF.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes01 Jan 1951: Officer Commanding, RAF Chivenor.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes25 Jan 1954: Air Attaché, Moscow.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes28 May 1956: Assistant Chief of Staff (Intelligence), HQ Allied Air Forces Central Europe.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes06 Jan 1959: Attended Imperial Defence College.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytes13 Feb 1960: AOC, RAF Hong Kong.

Life Story:

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesHe represented the RAF College at Rugby and Boxing and attained the rank of Flight Cadet Corporal.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesOn graduating from Cranwell, he joined No 16 (Army Co-operation), then flying the Armstrong Whitworth Atlas but by the time he left the squadron as a flight commander in 1938, it had re-equipped twice, first with the Hawker Audax and then the Westland Lysander.

King Carol with the RAF

4sqnpic422.jpg, 21073 bytes

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesKing Carol inspecting a Lysander air co-operation machine during his visit to the RAF Station at Odiham yesterday.
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesOn the right is Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall, Chief of the Air Staff (later Marshal of the RAF The Lord Newall of
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesClifton upon Dunsmoor).   Behind the King are Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief,
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesFighter Command (later Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding of Bentley Priory - famous for the Battle of Britain) and
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesPrince Michael of Romania.   Sir Kingsley Wood, Minister for Air, is on the extreme left.   Peter Donkin is standing in front
1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesof the Lysander.   17th November 1938.

FltLt-Donkin-+-16-Squadron-.jpg, 30779 bytes

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesA brief break followed towards the end of August, 1939. when he was sent, from learning Russian with a family on the Baltic, to Poland to join the British Military Mission in Warsaw, led at the time by the gallant, colourful and eccentric Major-General Adrian Carton de Wiart VC, who had lost both a hand and an eye in World War I (later Lieutenant-General Sir Adrian Carton deWiart VC KBE CB CMG DSO).   Their Air Attaché was on leave in England.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesThe mission was there to give assistance to the Poles and, although military equipment had been sent by train to Poland from England, the equipment was never unloaded.   He liaised with the Polish General Staff who would keep insisting that England, on a visit by senior officers earlier in the year, had offered to send squadrons to Poland to assist the Poles.   That was obviously thoroughly impractical and there was little he could do to answer their constant demands for reinforcements.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesAs he had come straight from Estonia, he had no uniform with him so, to give himself more credence with the Polish General Staff, he ordered a uniform from a tailor in a village near the British Mission.   The following day he went to pick up this uniform and, as he was walking across a field to the village where the tailor lived, with an interpreter attached to the British Mission, he looked into the sky and saw several black specks approaching.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesThese turned out to be about eight German bombers, which proceeded to empty their bombs in and around the field where his companion and he were lying.   The bombs came rather close but were fortunately not very big ones and no damage was done to them.   However, when they had passed, they continued to the tailor's house, which was unfortunately no longer there - nor was the tailor.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesSquadron Leader Donkin is consequently believed to be the first allied serviceman to be attacked by the Germans in World War II.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesOn his return to Britain he was soon back into operational flying as CO of No 225 Squadron flying Lysanders.   He remained in active flying posts until nearly the end of WW2.   Taking temporary command of No 4 Squadron in September 1940 he was soon tasked with the formation of a new unit, No 239 Squadron.   Initially formed from flights of No's 4 and 225 Squadrons, it was equipped with Lysanders for support of IV Corps.   He commanded 239 for two years, which was a long time in war time and, as when he was with No 16, the squadron's equipment was gradually upgraded through Tomahawks, Hurricanes until Mustangs arrived in May 1942.

1px-trans.gif, 43 bytesIn October 1942 he was promoted and given command of No 35 (Reconnaissance) Wing as part of the 2nd Tactical Air Force.   This unit consisted of No's 2, 4 and 268 Squadrons with 26 and 63 Squadrons being attached.   Taking part in a recce operation on 13 Apr 1944, his aircraft was hit and he was forced to ditch.   He was eventually found in his dinghy after six days and five nights afloat.

4sqnpic420.jpg, 11296 bytes

Peter's Caterpillar Club Card having saved his life by using his parachute.

4sqnpic421.jpg, 27829 bytes

His Majesty King George VI invests Group Captain Peter Donkin with the Distinguished Service Order July 1944.

previous thumbnails next